Category Archives: Arthur and George

Arthur & George by Julian Barnes

Arthur & George by Julian Barnes – Book Club Discussion

Last month I read Julian Barnes’s Arthur & George for one of my book clubs (click here to read all entries related to this book) and we’ve just started discussing it.

While I enjoyed the book, my lit sisters were less than impressed with it. Generally, they thought the book was well constructed, well researched but tedious to read.

My book club found George’s character and his family incredibly boring, though most did feel sorry for him once Arthur became involved in his defense.

However, I was in agreement with the group that George Edalji’s father’s refusal to defend his son against the terrible accusations made against him, the family’s bizarre sleeping arrangements, and their total denial about any racial motivation behind the strange persecution they lived with for years were baffling.

The discussion continues this week . . .

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Arthur & George by Julian Barnes

Last week I finished Arthur & George by Julian Barnes for one of my book clubs (click here to read all entries related to this book).

This novel is moving, intelligent and thoughtfully deals with issues of race, class, morality, honor, spirituality, friendship and love. Barnes’s elegant prose is compelling, particularly the riveting dialogue, and carefully crafted characterizations.

Arthur’s voice is saturated with that of Sherlock Holmes and the contemplations of Alfred Wood (Arthur’s assistant) that he is to Arthur as Dr. Watson is to Sherlock Holmes add a light-hearted nature to the miscarriage of justice that George Edalji suffered.

I smiled when Barnes had George read “a tattered cheap edition” of The Hound of the Baskervilles in prison and “judged it excellent.”

I felt uncomfortable reading about Mam’s developing relationship with Brian Waller, just six years older than Arthur.

I read with mixed feelings about Arthur’s affair with the young classically trained mezzo-soprano and accomplished horsewoman Jean Leckie and Mam’s subsequent approval of the relationship. The flirtation would be so delightful if not adulterous:

He looks down into her hazel-green eyes. “Are you flirting with me, young lady?”

She looks straight back at him. “I am talking to you about skiing.” But those, it feels, are only her nominal words.

“Because if you are, be careful I do not fall in love with you.”

He barely knows what he has said. He half means it entirely and half cannot imagine what has got into him.

“Oh, you are already. In love with me. And I with you. There is no doubt about it. No doubt at all.”

I was outraged when Mam went so far as to give Jean a small pale cabochon sapphire ring (which had once belonged to her great-aunt) because Arthur chivalrously wished for Jean to wear a ring to symbolize their love.

And I was saddened to read of Jean’s introduction to Arthur’s dearest sister Lottie and even to his wife’s mother with assurances that Touie will “be shielded at all cost from knowledge, pain and dishonour” and it pained me to read of the heated disagreement between Arthur and his sister Connie and brother-in-law Willie regarding Arthur’s impropriety.

I laughed out loud at the use of the chess term zugzwang (a player whose turn it is to move whose every possible move would worsen their position is said to be in zugzwang) to describe what Arthur’s life feels like and I read with curiosity Arthur’s deepening interest in “spiritism” and mysticism:

“If you look at what it actually says in the Bible, if you ignore the way in which the text has been altered and misinterpreted to suit the will of the established churches, it’s quite clear that Jesus was a highly trained psychic or medium. The inner circle of the Apostles, especially Peter, James and John, were clearly chosen for their spiritist capabilities. The ‘miracles’ of the Bible are merely — well, not merely, wholly — examples of Jesus’s psychic powers.”

And as I mentioned before, I was disgusted by the descriptions of animal mutilation and saddened by the racism endured by George Edalji at the hands of policemen and others.

Ultimately I felt joyous reading about the Courts proclaiming George innocent and about Arthur’s work in this verdict help lift Arthur out of his depression.

It is because this novel evoked such emotion in me that it was so captivating.

I’m looking forward to my book club’s discussion of Arthur & George!

And I must borrow a copy of The Hound of the Baskervilles from my local library to re-read.

Arthur & George by Julian Barnes

I’ve written a few times about Julian Barnes’s Arthur & George, which I’m reading for one of my book clubs.

This wonderful piece of historical fiction is a joy to read; I can see why it was shortlisted for the 2005 Man Booker Prize!

I’m 50 pages into Part II, Beginning with an Ending, which is about one quarter of the way through Part II and I am hooked.

I feel quite sad for George Ernest Thompson Edalji, newly educated solicitor-at-law and author of Railway Law for the “Man in the Train,” and the racist persecution he endured at the hands of menacing strangers and the police and the graphic descriptions of animal torture disgusts me.

In the meantime, Arthur Conan Doyle’s literary career has taken off at the expense of his medical career while his wife, Louisa (Touie) has been diagnosed with tuberculosis (known as consumption at the time).

The contrast and similarities between the lives of these two men makes you wonder how their paths will cross later in the book.

Can’t wait to find out!

Arthur & George by Julian Barnes

I’ve been reading Arthur & George by Julian Barnes for one of my book clubs. I’ve only read maybe 20 pages into Part I, Beginnings, and I am captivated.

As I mentioned last month, Barnes spent a year researching the real life stories of George Edalji and Arthur Conan Doyle (creator of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson) before writing this novel of the relationship between these two men.

When you first start the book, you don’t know who George and Arthur are (unless you’ve read a review or summary of the book as I had) but Barnes stories of Arthur’s childhood provides clues that explain how Arthur came to be the creator of Sherlock Holmes. George’s childhood is quite different from Arthur’s and serves as a good contrast.

I’m looking forward to reading more!

Arthur & George by Julian Barnes

I just put Arthur & George by Julian Barnes on hold at my local library since it’s the next selection for one of my book clubs.

I don’t know how I hadn’t heard about it until my book club suggested it; Arthur & George was shortlisted for the 2005 Man Booker Prize!

It sounds like an inventive and unique novel (click here to read Terrence Rafferty‘s review titled “The Game’s Afoot” posted in the New York Times in January 2006). Barnes spent a year researching the real life stories of George Edalji and Arthur Conan Doyle (creator of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson) before writing this novel of the relationship between these two men.

Click here to read an excerpt from Random House.

And since I’m reading this for a book club, I looked up some discussion questions published by Random House:

  1. One of the first things we learn about George is that “for a start, he lacks imagination” [p. 4]. George is deeply attached to the facts, while Arthur discovers early in life the “essential connection between narrative and reward” [p. 14]. How does this temperamental difference determine their approaches to life? Does Barnes use Arthur & George to explore the very different attractions of truth telling and storytelling?
  2. What qualities does the Mam encourage in Arthur? How does Arthur’s upbringing compare with George’s? What qualities are encouraged in George by his parents? What does the novel imply about one’s parents as a determinant in character development?
  3. To what degree do George’s parents try to overlook or deny the social difficulties their mixed marriage has produced for themselves and their children? Are they admirable in their determination to ignore the racial prejudice to which they are subjected?
  4. Critic Peter Kemp has commented on Julian Barnes’s interest in fiction that “openly colonises actuality—especially the lives of creative prodigies” [The Sunday Times (London), June 26, 2005]. In Arthur & George, the details we read about Arthur’s life are largely true. While the story of George Edalji is an obscure chapter of Doyle’s life, its details as presented here are also based on the historical record. What is the effect, for the reader, when an author blurs the line between fiction and biography or fiction and history?
  5. From early on in a life shaped by stories, Arthur has identified with tales of knights: “If life was a chivalric quest, then he had rescued the fair Touie, he had conquered the city, and been rewarded with gold. . . . What did a knight errant do when he came home to a wife and two children in South Norwood?” [p. 69]. Is it common to find characters like Arthur in our own day? How have the ideas of masculinity changed between Edwardian times and the present?
  6. George has trouble believing that he was a victim of racial prejudice [p. 264]. Why is this difficult for him to believe? Is it difficult for him to imagine that others don’t see him as he sees himself? Does George’s misfortune seem to be juxtaposed ironically with his family’s firm belief in the Christian faith?
  7. The small section on pages 91–92, called “George & Arthur,” describes an unnamed man approaching a horse in a field on a cold night. What is the effect of this section, coming into the novel when it does, and named as it is?
  8. Inspector Campbell tells Captain Anson that the man who did the mutilations would be someone who was “accustomed to handling animals” [p. 97]; this assumption would clearly rule out George. Yet George is pursued as the single suspect. Campbell also notes that Sergeant Upton is neither intelligent nor competent at his job [p. 99]. What motivates Campbell as he examines George’s clothing and his knife, and proceeds to have George arrested
    [pp. 117–123]?
  9. George’s lawyer, Mr. Meek, is amused at George’s sense of outrage when he reads the factual errors and outright lies in the newspapers’ reports of his case [p. 137; 140–141]. Why is Mr. Meek not more sympathetic?
  10. George’s arrest for committing “the Great Wyrley Outrages” [p. 176] causes a stir in England just a few years following the sensational killing spree of Jack the Ripper, which sold millions of newspapers. Are the newspapers, and the public appetite for sensational stories, partly responsible for the crime against George Edalji?
  11. 11. How does Barnes convey the feeling of the historical period of which he writes? What details and stylistic effects are noticeable?
  12. England was extremely proud of its legal system; Queen Victoria had expressed outrage over the injustice in the dubious case against Alfred Dreyfus, which had occurred a few years earlier in France. Yet the Edalji case seems to present an even greater injustice, and again because of the ethnicity of the accused. Why might the Home Office have refused to pay damages to Edalji?
  13. For nine years, Arthur carries on a chaste love affair with Jean Leckie. Yet he feels miserable after the death of his wife, Touie, particularly when he learns from his daughter Mary that Touie assumed Arthur would remarry [pp. 247–49]. Why is Arthur thrown into “the great Grimpen Mire” by his freedom to marry Jean [p. 253]? Why does he believe that “if Touie knew, then he was destroyed” [p. 305]? Has he, as he fears, behaved dishonorably to both women? What does the dilemma do to his sense of personal honor?
  14. Why is the real perpetrator of the animal killings never identified? In a Sherlock Holmes story the criminal is always caught and convicted, but Doyle gets no such satisfaction with this real-world case. How disturbing is the fact that George is never truly vindicated and never compensated for the injustice he suffered? Does Barnes’s fictional enlargement of George Edalji’s life act as a kind of compensation?
  15. Arthur & George presents a world that seems less evolved than our own in its assumptions about race and human nature, justice and evidence, and its examples of human innocence and idealism. Does this world seem so remote in time as to be, in a sense, unbelievable? Or might American readers recognize a similar situation in a story like Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, or more recent news stories about racial injustice?
  16. The story ends with George’s attendance at the memorial service for Arthur. What is most moving about this episode?

I love historical fiction so I’m excited to start this book!